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废旧电池的危害到底有多大?该如何处理废旧电池?

来源:宝鄂实业    2019-05-10 23:31    点击量:

“HUISHOUJIUSHOUJI、DIANSHIJI、XIYIJI……”ZHEIZOUJIECHUANXIANGDEYAOHESHENGGANJUESHUXIMA?SUIRANZHEIZHONGCHUANTONGDEDIANZILAJIHUISHOUFANGSHIZHUJIANCHENGWEILISHI,DANSUIZHEDIANZIXIAOFEISHENGJI,DIANZICHANPINGENGXINHUANDAIYUJIAPINFAN,DIANZILAJIHUISHOUCHUZHIWENTIBURONGHUSHI。NEIYINGGAIRUHEZHILISHULIANGJUDADEDIANZILAJI,CHENGWEILEJIDAIPOJIEDENANTI。

 

DIANZILAJIYOUCHENGDIANZIFEIQIWU,ZHIBEIFEIQIBUZAISHIYONGDEDIANQIHUODIANZISHEBEI,ZHUYAOBAOKUODIANBINGXIANG、KONGDIAO、XIYIJI、DIANSHIJIDENGJIAYONGDIANQIHESHOUJI、JISUANJIDENGTONGXUNDIANZICHANPINDETAOTAIPIN。SUIZHEDIANZICHANPINJIAGEJIANGDI、GENGXINJIAKUAI,CONGDIANZICHANPINDAODIANZILAJIZHIJIANDE“YIBUZHIYAO”YUELAIYUEDUANZAN。DIANZILAJIZHONGHANYOUDALIANGQIAN、GE、SHUIYINDENGDUYOUHAIDEHUAXUEWUZHI,RUGUOZUOWEIPUTONGLAJIDIUQIHUOJIANDANTIANMAI,JIANGDUIHUANJINGHERENDEJIANKANGGOUCHENGWEIXIE。ERZHANGSHIJIANYUMOUXIEDIANZISHEBEIZHONGDEJINSHUYUANSUJIECHU,HUIDAOZHIERTONGNAOBUFAYUYICHANG,CHENGRENSHENJINGXITONGSUNSHANG、NEIFENMISHIDIAOHEQIGUANGONGNENGSHUAITUI,WEIHAIJUDA。

 

电池对人体的危害:废弃在自然界电池中的汞会慢慢从电池中溢出来,进入土壤或水源,再通过农作物进入人体,损伤人的肾脏。在微生物的作用下,无机汞可以转化成甲基汞,聚集在鱼类的身体里,人食用了这种鱼后,甲基汞会进入人的大脑细胞,使人的神经系统受到严重破坏,重者会发疯致死。著名的日本水俣病就是甲基汞所致。镉渗出污染土地和水体,最终进入人体使人的肝和肾受损,也会引起骨质松软,重者造成骨骼变形。汽车废电池中含有酸和重金属铅泄漏到自然界可引起土壤和水源污染,最终对人造成危害。

 

电池对人体的危害:一节一号电池烂在地里,能使1平方米的土壤永久失去利用价值;一粒纽扣电池可使600吨水受到污染,相当于一个人一生的饮水量。
 

RENTIYIDANXISHOUZHEIXIEZHONGJINSHUYIHOU,HUICHUXIANNAXIEBINGZHENGNI?JUYOUGUANZHUANJIAJIESHAO,GONGSHIYIZHONGDUXINGHENQIANGDEZHONGJINSHU,DUIRENTIZHONGSHUSHENJINGDEPOHUAILIHENDA,SHANGSHIJIWUSHINIANDAIFASHENGZAIRIBENDEZHENJINGZHONGWAIDESHUIYUBINGJIUSHIYOUYUGONGWURANZAOCHENGDE。MUQIANWOGUOSHENGCHANDEHANGONGJIANXINGGANDIANCHIDEGONGHANLIANGDA1%-5%,ZHONGXINGGANDIANCHIDEGONGHANLIANGWEI0.025%,WOGUODIANCHISHENGCHANXIAOHAODEGONGMEINIANJIUDAJISHIDUNZHIDUO。GEZAIRENTINEIJIYIYINQIMANXINGZHONGDU,ZHUYAOBINGZHENGSHIFEIQIZHONG、GUZHIRUANHUA、PINXUE,HENKENENGSHIRENTITANHUAN。ERQIANJINRURENTIHOUZUINANPAIXIE,TAGANRAOSHENGONGNENG、SHENGZHIGONGNENG。ZHUANJIAMENRENWEI,YOUYUDIANCHIWURANJUYOUZHOUQIZHANG、YINBIXINGDADENGTEDIAN,QIQIANZAIWEIHAIXIANGDANGYANZHONG,CHULIBUDANGHAIHUIZAOCHENGERCIWURAN。

 

危害:大部分电池中都含有汞,当它们废弃在地球表面时,多层金属会氧化锈蚀。汞便会慢慢地从电池中溢出来,进入土壤或下渗到地下中,再通过农作物或饮水进人人体,损伤人的肾脏。此处,汞还可以转化为无机汞,无机汞在微生物作用下转变成甲基汞聚集在鱼类的身体中,人食用了这种鱼后,甲基汞便会对人脑细胞造成危害,使人的神经严重破坏,重者甚至会发疯致死。轰动一时的日本水俣病事件就是甲基汞所致。一节一号电池烂在地里,它溢出来的汞足以使1平方米的土壤永久性丧失农用价值。

 

FEIDIANCHICHULI:JIANGFEIJIUQIANSUANXUDIANCHILIYONGZHUANYONGHUANBAOCHELIANGYUNZHIRONGLIANCHANGCANGKU;JIANGFEIJIUQIANSUANXUDIANCHIDEDIANJIEYEDAORUCHENDIANCHIJINXINGYAOWUCHULI;CHAIJIEFEIJIUQIANSUANXUDIANCHI,JIANGWAIQIAOSONGZHISULIAOHUISHOUCHANGJINXINGZHUANYECHULI;FENJIANFEIJIUQIANSUANXUDIANCHIDEGEBAN,SONGZHIZHUANYECHANGHUISHOUCHULI;JIANGFENJIANHOUDEFEIJIBANSONGRUDAXINGFANSHELUYELIAN,ZUOCHENGQIANDING,XUNHUANLIYONG。

 

KANLEZHEIXIENIYINGGAIZHIDAOLEBA!YIDINGYAOFENLEICHULI!